There were ~1.8million global new lung cancers (LC) in 2012, and lung cancer was the second largest cause of premature deaths and the most common cause of cancer death (1.59 million). While curable at an early stage, two thirds present with advanced LC, when survival is short and cure uncommon.
It is now proven from two high quality RCTs that CT screening reduces LC mortality;
The 2015 Australian position statement did not recommend a national screening but with rapidly mounting evidence, the Australian Minister for Health launched a national LC screening Enquiry, including special consideration of Indigenous Australian. Thus, the research focus must now address key implementation issues, in order to be able to use this Health Technology to save Australian lives.